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Self-Efficacy Scales Scoring

Overview

Scoring the Self Efficacy Scale allows you to calculated both an overall measure of self efficacy and situational self-efficacy based on subscale scores.  Scoring depends on the version of the scale (smoking, alcohol, drug) as well as the number of items in the version (20, 12, 9).  Scoring is broken down by the different versions and item numbers below.

SMOKING SCORING

20 Item Version

Subscale Item Number
Negative Affect 3, 5, 7, 8, 18, 19
Social/Positive 1, 4, 6, 9, 10, 16
Habitual/ Craving 11, 13, 14, 15, 20

To obtain a mean overall Abstinence Self-efficacy or Temptation score, sum scores from all items and divide by 20.

To obtain mean scores for individual subscales, sum item scores for each subscale and divide by the number of items (6 for Negative Affect and Social Positive, and 5 for Habitual Craving).

9 Item Version

Subscale Item Number
Negative Affect 3, 6, 9
Social/Positive 1, 4, 7
Habitual/Craving 2, 5, 8

To obtain a mean overall Abstinence Self-efficacy or Temptation score, sum scores from all items and divide by 9.

To obtain mean scores for individual subscales, sum item scores for each subscale and divide by the number of items (3).

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ALCOHOL SCORING

20 Item Version

Subscale Item Number
Negative Affect 3, 6, 14, 16, 18
Social/Positive 4, 8, 15, 17, 20
Physical and Other Concerns 2, 5, 9, 12, 13
Cravings and Urges 1, 7, 10, 11, 19

To obtain a mean overall Abstinence Self-efficacy or Temptation score, sum scores from all items and divide by 20.

To obtain mean scores for individual subscales, sum item scores for each subscale and divide by the number of items (5).

12 Item Version

Subscale Item Number
Negative Affect 1, 3, 9
Social/Positive 10, 11, 12
Physical and Other Concerns 2, 7, 8
Cravings and Urges 4, 5, 6

To obtain a mean overall Abstinence Self-efficacy or Temptation score, sum scores from all items and divide by 12.

To obtain mean scores for individual subscales, sum item scores for each subscale and divide by the number of items (3).

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REDUCED DRINKING – DELTA PROJECT SCORING

12 Item Version

Subscale Item Number
Negative Affect 1, 3, 10
Social/Positive 2, 5, 12
Physical and Fatigue 7, 8, 9
Cravings and Urges 4, 6, 11

To obtain a mean overall Reduced Drinking Self-efficacy score, sum scores from all items and divide by 12.

To obtain mean scores for individual subscales, sum item scores for each subscale and divide by the number of items (3).

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DRUG SCORING

20 Item Version

Subscale Item Number
Negative Affect 3, 6, 14, 16, 18
Social/Positive 4, 8, 15, 17, 20
Physical and Other Concerns 2, 5, 9, 12, 13
Cravings and Urges 1, 7, 10, 11, 19

To obtain a mean overall Abstinence Self-efficacy or Temptation score, sum scores from all items and divide by 20.

To obtain mean scores for individual subscales, sum item scores for each subscale and divide by the number of items (5).

12 Item Version

Subscale Item Number
Negative Affect 1, 3, 9
Social/Positive 10, 11, 12
Physical and Other Concerns 2, 7, 8
Cravings and Urges 4, 5, 6

To obtain a mean overall Abstinence Self-efficacy or Temptation score, sum scores from all items and divide by 12.

To obtain mean scores for individual subscales, sum item scores for each subscale and divide by the number of items (3).

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REFERENCES

  • DiClemente, C. C.  (1986).  Self-Efficacy and the addictive behaviors.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 4, 302-315.
  • DiClemente, C. C., Carbonari, J. P., Montgomery, R. P., & Hughes, S. O.  (1994).  The alcohol abstinence self-efficacy scale.  Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 55, 141-148.
  • DiClemente, C. C., Fairhurst, S. K., & Piotrowski, N. A.  (1995).  Self-Efficacy and addictive behaviors.  In J. E. Maddux, ed., Self-Efficacy, adaptation, and adjustment:  Theory, research, and application (pp. 109-141).  New York: Plenum.
  • Velicer, W.F., DiClemente, C.C., Rossi, J.S., & Prochaska, J.O. (1990).  Relapse situations and self-efficacy: An integrative model. Addictive Behaviors, 15, 271-283.